Knowledge and attitude of Makerere University female students towards abortion in Uganda and its legalization: a case study of Makerere University female students
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Abortion has been a vital reproductive health problem in Uganda. This study focused on the knowledge and attitudes of university female students towards abortion and it's legalization in Uganda. Globally, this was a cross sectional study conducted among 120 female students of Makerere University. Data was collected using a pre-tested structured self-administered questionnaire and epi collect was used for data entry. Data validation was made in excel and analysis was made in STATA. Out of 120 respondents, it was established that 51% of the participants were very knowledgeable about abortion while 49% were less knowledgeable about abortion in Makerere University. The study found out was a significant association between students’ year of study and support for the legalization of abortion whereby students in higher years were more knowledgeable compared to students in year 1, year 2 and were not willing to abort if pregnant now (89.58%). Students aged above 19years had reduced odds of not aborting if pregnant now (0.526) compared to students aged between 18-19 years of age. Majority of the students (58.33%) doing ART courses were in support of legalizing abortion in Uganda while those doing Sciences (64.81%) were not in agreement with legalization of abortion. The research further revealed that the majority of the Moslems (63.64%) were in support of the legalization of abortion while majority of those in the Christian domain were not in support of the legalization of abortion in Uganda. The research recommends a need to increase access to Sexual Reproductive health services in Universities to help deal with unintended pregnancies, more studies to avoid unsafe abortions, and also encourage policymakers to review the legal status of abortion in Uganda.