Community policing as a strategy for crime prevention in Uganda police. A case study of Kiwunya zone (kawempe division)
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The study presents community policing as a strategy of crime prevention in Uganda. Community policing was established in Uganda as a as a proactive policy in 1980s to curb down rampant crimes that were then witnessed in the capital city of Kampala. As community policing strategy became successful around Kampala, the government of Uganda later made a country wide strategy to curb down crimes in all Districts. This study examines community policing as a strategy to address the crimes in Uganda. The strategy has had external variables that supported its success. They include; the police who have been at the center and in practice, the army, the NGOs, the CSOs and the local councils that had been supported by the people. At the end, the study suggests the strengths and the weaknesses of community policing in crime prevention. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques of research methods were employed by the researcher. Three methods (interviews of the respondents, focused group discussions and observation) were employed to collect data from respondents. The information collected was organized according to chapters in order to make meaningful presentation, conclusions and recommendations of the study. Accordingly, the findings of the study showed that 86% of the respondents agreed that they understand community policing, it was found out that 14% of the respondents noted to have never heard about community policing and that as a strategy to prevent crime, it has been successful in the reduction of crimes like murder, robbery, rape, and it has been proven a useful tool in the management of the crimes at Kiwunya zone in Kawempe Division. In the conclusion, the study suggests that community policing is a useful strategy in prevention of crime and management of conflicts. In order to make it more successful, the study recommends implementers to engender the program and increase youth participation since these are the groups most involved in and affected by crime and conflict. Finally, the study recommends the empowerment of the key implementers, like the youth of the strategy so as to fully exploit its potential in prevention of crime This would also help to address apparent gaps between policy and implementation.