The rate of staff turnover in public universities: a case study of Makerere University
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The objective of the study was to establish the rate of staff turnover in public universities by examining the factors associated with staff attrition in the past years in public University, taking a case study of Makerere University. Secondary data was acquired from the records office of Makerere University covering years from 2000 to 2018, a total number of 897 staff left the university with in this period. The analysis was done using frequency distribution, graphical presentations of pie charts, Time series using STATA and Moving Averages in EXCEL for making forecast. Results show that majority of staff who left were male (73%). Of the staff that left the university service, 185 were assistant lectures, 85 were associate professors, 9 were honorary lecturers 234 were lectures, 56 were professors, 13 were research fellows 132 were senior lecturers 183 were teaching assistants. Looking the reason, (3.57%) absconded, (33.44%) had expired contracts, (5.13%) died, (4.01) were dismissed, (1.78%) retired early, (29.10%) resigned, (20.51%) retired, (0.78%) were seconded, (1.67%) had their services terminated. The time series analysis show that there is an increasing trend in the number of academic staff leaving the university, from the moving averages smoothing and forecast, the number of staff leaving the university is projected to be; 62.25 in 2019, 66 in 2020, 59 in 2021, and 51 in 2022. The results indicate that; (1) The University should focus on hiring long term staff, that is to say staff should be given long term contracts to cub the issue of losing staff because of contract expiry since the study has shown that most staff have left due to contact expiry (2) Greater strategy to reduce staff turnover should be laid down and follow up to execute, in order to mitigate the problem given the projected number of staff leaving the university.