|The aim of the study was to examine the reasons for the continuous low grades among girls in UPE schools. The study was based on specific objectives that include; to identify gender related factors that affect the academic performance of girls in UPE schools, explore school related factors that affect academic performance of girls in UPE, and identify initiatives undertaken by the school and community to improve the performance of girls in UPE schools. The research was comprised of 57 pupils of primary seven in Kasozi C/U primary school in Namasagali sub-county, Kamuli district, and the secondary respondents were the teachers, parents and Alumni of Kasozi C/U primary school. Questionnaires were used to collect data from the selected pupils and interview guides and key informant guides were used to collect data from the school Alumni and teachers as well as parents respectively. The study confirmed that several factors account for the poor grades of girls at UPE schools. The PLE results of Kasozi C/U primary school from 2012 to 2020 showed that boys have continued to perform better than girls, and this can be attributed to various gender related factors both in homes and the schools. The academic performance of girls in UPE schools is affected by several factors such as work load at homes, poverty among families, factors related to menses, teachers' quality, and learning infrastructure among others. The study established that some parents do not have adequate skill to guide their children, girls have more tasks to perform compared to boys before they attend to school, poverty in the region plays a role in affecting the performance of girls. Lack of proper teaching materials, poor teaching methods, lack of evaluation
instruments especially those used for international purposes creates a gap between learning achievement. The study showed that parents, teachers have a role to play in improving the performance of girls. This is in addition to government playing its oversight role majorly in indication and ensuring that school are operating as required by Law. The parents therefore have a role in reducing the work load at home to ensure girls have time to revise and report to school in time and considering the needs of girl child as priority. The school should be gender sensitive in any form of intervention to ensure girls compete as boys in performance. The government should also play a supportive role to the schools in terms of infrastructure that support comfortable environment for girls to learn and poverty eradication among communities.