Sleep quality, psychological well-being and academic performance among undergraduate students of Makerere university.
Nakalema, Rabhiiha, I.C.K
MetadataShow full item record
The study was carried out from Makerere University, Kampala among undergraduate students. The main objective of the study was to investigate the relationship between sleep quality, psychological well-being and academic performance among undergraduate students of Makerere University. Sleep quality components such as sleep durability, sleep latency, daytime dysfunction, sleep disturbance, sleep efficiency, use of sleep medication, subjective sleep quality and global PSQI were considered. Psychological well-being dimensions such as autonomy, environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relations, purpose in life and self-acceptance. The research methodology for the study was descriptive cross-sectional research design. The sample size was 31 respondents and both stratified and simple random sampling techniques were applied in selecting the respondents who were included in the sample. The researcher used questionnaires to collect data and data was analysed using SPSS version 25 at univariate and bivariate levels. Using Pearson correlation coefficient and significance P-values the study found out that academic performance (CGPA) is significantly influenced by global sleep score (P-value=0.006, r=-0.534), overall sleep quality (r=0.721. p-value=0.000), daytime dysfunction (r=0.224, p-value=0.013) and sleep duration (r=0.129, p-value=0.029). the study also found out that psychological well-being dimensions such as is influences academic performance. Lastly, the study fond out that PSQI sleep score and psychological well-being were significantly related evidenced with chi2=8.910, P=0.020 less than 0.05. In conclusion, overall sleep quality had a strong significant association with academic performance, low psychological well-being among students may cause unhappiness, dissatisfaction in life and low self-esteem which will brings the implication of them facing higher level of pressure. Dimensions of psychological well-being which are environmental mastery, personal growth, positive relationship with others, purpose in life and self-acceptance influence academic achievement of undergraduate students. The study recommended that students, lecturers, university counselors, wardens and matrons increase their awareness about healthy sleep patterns, sleep needs and consequences of poor sleep. This could be done through university-based sleep education programs, school magazines and assembly