Effects of the dark triad on Counterproductive Work Behaviors (CWBs) among employees and their superiors in Kampala District
MetadataShow full item record
This research study aimed to investigate the effects of the Dark Triad personality traits (Machiavellianism, narcissism, and psychopathy) on counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs) among 200 employees and their superiors of the Office of the Auditor General (OAG), and Ministry of Health (MoH), in the Kampala District. The study utilized a quantitative research design, with data collected through self-report questionnaires administered to a sample of employees and their superiors in the institutions above within the Kampala District. The analysis of the data revealed significant correlations between the Dark Triad traits and CWBs. The correlation between Machiavellianism and CWBs was found to be moderate (r = .320**, p =.001< 0.05), indicating that individuals with higher levels of Machiavellianism were more likely to engage in counterproductive behaviors. The correlation between narcissism and CWBs was weaker but still significant (r = .250**, p=.023 < 0.05), suggesting that individuals with narcissistic tendencies also exhibited a propensity for CWBs. Furthermore, the correlation between psychopathy and CWBs was found to be the strongest (r = .370**, p=.001 < 0.05), indicating a robust association between psychopathic traits and engagement in counterproductive behaviors. The findings of this study contribute to the existing literature by providing empirical evidence for the relationship between Dark Triad traits and CWBs. The results align with prior research, which has consistently shown that individuals with these traits are more likely to exhibit harmful behaviors in the workplace. The study underscores the importance of considering the influence of personality traits on workplace behavior and highlights the need for organizations to implement strategies to mitigate the negative impact of the Dark Triad traits. The findings have implications for both theory and practice. Theoretically, the study provides further support for the understanding that personality traits play a significant role in shaping employee behavior. Practically, organizations can use this knowledge to develop targeted interventions and screening measures to identify individuals at risk of engaging in CWBs. By addressing the underlying personality traits associated with such behaviors, organizations can foster a healthier work environment and enhance overall productivity. Future research should consider exploring additional factors that may moderate or mediate the relationships between Dark Triad traits and CWBs. Longitudinal studies can provide insights into the development and changes in these relationships over time. Additionally, qualitative research methods can be employed to gain a deeper understanding of the underlying mechanisms and contextual factors influencing the manifestation of CWBs. Keywords: Dark Triad, narcissism, Machiavellianism, psychopathy, counterproductive work behaviors, workplace behavior.