Motivation, job satisfaction and employee engagement among employees at Makerere University
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Motivation, job satisfaction, and employee engagement are crucial factors that significantly impact an individual's performance and organizational effectiveness. This abstract aims to provide an overview of these concepts and their interrelationships. Motivation refers to the internal and external factors that arouse, direct, and sustain an individual's behavior towards achieving specific goals. It plays a critical role in influencing job satisfaction and employee engagement. Job satisfaction refers to an individual's emotional and cognitive evaluation of their job and work environment, encompassing feelings of contentment, fulfillment, and happiness. Conversely, low job satisfaction can lead to disengagement, decreased productivity, and higher turnover. Employee engagement is defined as the level of dedication, commitment, and involvement an employee demonstrates towards their work and organization. Highly engaged employees tend to be more motivated, satisfied, and committed, leading to better job performance, increased productivity, and organizational success. Several theories, such as Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Herzberg's two-factor theory, and the self-determination theory, contribute to understanding the factors that influence motivation, job satisfaction, and employee engagement. Organizations must prioritize efforts to enhance motivation, job satisfaction, and employee engagement to create a conducive work environment. Effective strategies include providing opportunities for growth and development, fostering open communication, offering competitive compensation and benefits, recognizing and rewarding achievements, promoting work-life balance, and encouraging employee involvement in decision-making processes.