Organizational culture, occupational stress and organizational citizenship behavior among staff of Uganda management institute
Nanozi, Hawah May
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The main purpose of the study was to examine the relationship between organizational culture, occupational stress and organizational citizenship behavior among staff of UMI. The study’s main objectives was to find the relationship between organizational culture and occupational stress, occupational stress and organizational citizenship behavior and finally organizational culture and organizational citizenship behaviour . A correlational research design was deployed for the study and this made it possible to explore the interrelationships between the variables .Sampling of this study comprised 80 respondents and included both managers and lower level employees that were both male and female. Data was analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) and Pearson correlation coefficient was used to test for the significance of the hypothesis. As a result of this study, it has been determined that there is a significant positive correlation between organizational culture and organizational culture, organizational citizenship behavior, a negative relationship between occupational stress and organizational citizenship behaviours and in conclusion the study suggested that organizational culture can be used to increase the likelihood of employees engaging in citizenship behaviors. The study shows that there is a significant positive relationship between organizational culture and OCB. It also showed that there is a significant negative relationship between occupational stress and OCB and a significant negative relationship between organizational culture and occupational stress. While on the other hand organizational culture and absence of are considered very important outcomes for the subordinates to engage in citizenship behaviors. Basing on the above findings, certain recommendations are advised by the researcher and these include; Based on the findings of the study, organizational policies that encourage citizenship behaviors morality like rewards should be encouraged because it develops the strong behavioral orientations within employees. This research did focus a particular company and didn’t not include employees from other organizations, hence there is a need for more companies to be brought into the broad spectrum regardless of the work they do. The study recommends that organizations should institute occupational stress programs or trainings to help employees cope with occupational stress improve on their moral attributions and orientations, and managers on how to help employees improve on their moral strength, which will in turn improve their performance.